Masculinity in Australia



What You Need to Do For this Unit:


1. Oral SAC - see instructions below
2. Read "Forest Winter" in "A Minimum of Two" by Tim Winton and answer the following questions (due Monday 24 October):
  1. Summarise what happens in the story.
  2. Describe the character of Jerra, ‘the young man’.
  3. What qualities does Jerra have that are stereotypically masculine? Use specific quotes or examples from the text to support your answer.
  4. What qualities does Jerra have that are not stereotypically masculine?
  5. Do you think that Jerra struggles to fit a masculine stereotype, or is harmed in the process of fitting the masculine stereotype? Use quotes or examples to support your response.
  6. Describe the character of Rachel.
  7. Why do you think Jerra says, “Having the baby had muted her. The forceful, funny girl he had married had suddenly become placid, listless, sickly, as though she’d had the life torn from her as well as the child” (p.5)
  8. How has Rachel and Jerra’s situation been affected by poverty?
  9. In your own words, explain why the author calls Jerra ‘the young man’ and does not give him a name until the end of the story.
  10. What questions would you like answered after reading ‘Forest Winter?’
3. Read "Bay of Angels" (p.91) in "A Minimum of Two" by Tim Winton and answer the following questions (due Monday 24 October):
  1. Summarise what happens in the story.
  2. What do you think the author means when he says, “there are times when all you can do is feel, when there’s nothing but alarms ringing and you can’t even see yourself in the mirror” (p. 91)
  3. In what ways does the narrator’s friend fit the masculine stereotype?
  4. In what ways does the narrator’s friend not fit the masculine stereotype?
  5. How does the narrator react when his friend cries? What do you think this is meant to demonstrate about masculinity?
4. Read "Gravity" in "A Minimum of Two" by Tim Winton and answer the following questions (due Monday 24 October):
  1. Summarise what happens in the story.
  2. Why does the author say, “this morning he’d woken full of ghostly sensations like those he’d always associated with amputees. He was afraid” (p. 25). In particular, why do you think Jerra is compared to an amputee? Why is he afraid/ what was he afraid of?
  3. Why is Rachel angry at Jerra? Do you think the reader is supposed to feel sympathy for her, Jerra, or both? Why?
  4. What point/message do you think the author hopes to make when he writes, “Nilsam was a father. He was a husband. He was a son.” (p. 31).
  5. What stereotypes about men and women are upheld in this story?
  6. What stereotypes about men and women are challenged in this story?
5. Read "The Strong One" in "A Minimum of Two" by Tim Winton and answer the following questions (due Monday 24 October):
  1. Summarise what happens in the story.
  2. How are stereotypes or conventional ideas about men and masculinity upheld in the story?
  3. How are stereotypes or conventional ideas about men and masculinity challenged in the story?
  4. How are stereotypes or conventional ideas about women and femininity upheld in the story?
  5. How are stereotypes or conventional ideas about women and femininity challenged in the story?
  6. What do you think Jerra’s mother means when she says, “one day, Sam, you and your kind’ll have to carry yourselves”? (p.104)
  7. What do you think is the author’s point or message when he writes, “Sam looked at her and bared his teeth”? Do you agree with that message? Why/ why not?
6. Find a resource on Masculinity in Australia - due Friday 27 October
  • Find a newspaper article or internet site (blog, article or organisation) that discusses or relates to Masculinity in Australia, such as (but not limited to):
    • What is expected of men in Australia
    • How male and female roles are changing
    • How people are affected by the pressure to fit the masculine or feminine stereotype
  • Your resource will be placed on the wiki so that you and your classmates have a wide range of interesting material to read and draw on in your SAC and exam (your contribution can be anonymous. Hard copies will be scanned and placed on wiki as a PDF).
7. Read "More" and answer the following questions (due Wednesday 26 October):
    1. Summarise what happens in the story.
    2. What is Jerra guilty about in the story?
    3. Why does Jerra say, “he knew then that he was capable of the darkest things”? (p. 122)
    4. Why does Rachel say, “don’t, you’ll kill me?” (p. 125)
    5. Why does Jerra’s dad say, “don’t be bitter, be better?” (p. 129)
    6. Why does Jerra’s dad say, “when a bloke finds out how long he’s got left, he knows there’s more to it, son. Stupid thing is, there’s always been more.”? (p. 129)
    7. What do you think has caused the distance between Jerra and Rachel in this story?
8. Read "Cooking Up a Storm" and answer the following questions - due Monday October 31:
  • Why does the author say, "there seems to be little evidence that traditional masculinity has had its day?"
  • Why is being a traditional man 'risky business' according to the article?
  • Why do you think men with traditional views of manhood may experience higher rates of depression, violence and substance use?
  • What do you think the author means by 'traditional views of manhood'?

9. Read the Teacher Sample Response and answer the five questions - due Friday October 28


10. Complete the Hurdle Task - due November 3

11. Complete the SAC - in class, November 11


Task 1: Oral SAC - Due Week 1 of Term 4



In your oral, you should:
  • Present your text
    • If a print ad, bring along an image of the ad on a USB stick, or the URL (web address) of the ad. If you have only got a hard copy, make sure you bring it to the lesson before your presentation so that it can be copied for the class if required.
    • If a tv ad - bring the URL (web address) where the ad can be viewed
    • If a song, make sure you are able to play the song (you can bring it on CD, ipod, or USB). If possible, bring the web address where the song and music video can be viewed
    • The presentation of your text will not count towards your time limit.
  • Speak for 2-5 minutes
  • Explain the context of the ad or song
    • Ad - what is it for? Where was it published? Was there any controversy about its publication? Did it become viral on the internet? Why?
    • Song - what is the genre of the song (rap, r&b, country, mainstream, alternative, etc). Who is the artist? Was it popular? Was it controversial? Why?
  • Explain who is the audience of the ad or song - men, women, a particular kind of men or women, upper class, lower class, age, ethnic background
  • Explain how the text represents men and masculinity
    • Consider: does the ad say anything about what men are like or should be like? Does it suggest anything about what men think, feel, and believe? Does it suggest what men look for in a partner?
  • Explain how the test represents women and femininity (This should be a lesser focus in your oral than men and masculinity).
    • Consider: does the ad say anything about what women are like or should be like? Does it suggest anything about what women think, feel, and believe? Does it suggest what women look for in a partner?
  • Explain how the ad or song supports stereotypes of men and women, or particular groups of men and women (eg. the young women in Pink's "Stupid Girls")
  • Explain how the ad or song challenges, questions or disproves stereotypes of men and women or particular groups of men and women
  • Explain how your ad or song compares to other ads or songs in their genre (eg. other r&b or rap songs, other ads for that kind of product or that audience)

Remember:
  • You cannot present on anything discussed in class
  • Only one person/pair can present on an ad or song, so email your teacher or post on the discussion board the name/description of the ad or song you wish to do, so it can be reserved for you
  • If you are presenting as a pair, you must contribute evenly to the preparation and presentation (speak for the same amount of time)
  • Ensure you structure your work and include music, images or film excerpts that connect with your ideas to make your presentation more interesting and engaging
  • Rehearse to ensure you can pronounce all of your speech correctly
  • Make eye contact with your audience
  • Look at the assessment criteria on the task sheet attached above to ensure you meet all of the criteria
  • If you are not ready on your assigned date, it will be treated as failing to attend a SAC and your coordinator will be notified

Oral Assessment Criteria


Thought and Content (The quality of thinking demonstrated in the speech) (7marks)
  • Understanding of the demands of the task.
  • Knowledge and control of the chosen content
  • Complexity of the ideas and issues explored in the speech.

Manner (The effectiveness of the manner in which the speech is delivered) (7 marks)
  • Use of persuasive strategies: eye contact, hand gestures, minimum use of notes, variation in tone of voice.
  • Audience engagement

Structure and Organisation (The quality of the structure developed by the student in response to the specified task.) (6 marks)
  • Appropriately organised ideas
  • Logical sequencing of ideas – Eg: introduction, body, conclusion

Lesson 1: Thursday 22 September

  • As a class, we discussed how to complete Task 1
  • As a class, we watched "Stupid Girls" by Pink and "Holding Out for a Hero" and discussed how to analyse these texts to meet the requirements of Task 1

Lessons 2, 3, 4, and 5: Monday 10 October to Monday 17 October

  • Preparation for and performance of oral task

Lesson 6: Thursday 20 October

  • Next Assessment outlined
  • As a class, we read "Forest Winter" in "A Minimum of Two" by Tim Winton. Individually, students answered the following questions:
    1. Summarise what happens in the story.
    2. Describe the character of Jerra, ‘the young man’.
    3. What qualities does Jerra have that are stereotypically masculine? Use specific quotes or examples from the text to support your answer.
    4. What qualities does Jerra have that are not stereotypically masculine?
    5. Do you think that Jerra struggles to fit a masculine stereotype, or is harmed in the process of fitting the masculine stereotype? Use quotes or examples to support your response.
    6. Describe the character of Rachel.
    7. Why do you think Jerra says, “Having the baby had muted her. The forceful, funny girl he had married had suddenly become placid, listless, sickly, as though she’d had the life torn from her as well as the child” (p.5)
    8. How has Rachel and Jerra’s situation been affected by poverty?
    9. In your own words, explain why the author calls Jerra ‘the young man’ and does not give him a name until the end of the story.
    10. What questions would you like answered after reading ‘Forest Winter?’

Lesson 7 and 8: Friday 21 October

  • As a class, we read "Gravity" and "Bay of Angels". Individually, students completed the questions for "Gravity", "Bay of Angels" and "The Strong One".


Lesson 9: Monday 24 October

  • As a class, we read "More". Individually students answered the following questions:
    1. Summarise what happens in the story.
    2. What is Jerra guilty about in the story?
    3. Why does Jerra say, “he knew then that he was capable of the darkest things”? (p. 122)
    4. Why does Rachel say, “don’t, you’ll kill me?” (p. 125)
    5. Why does Jerra’s dad say, “don’t be bitter, be better?” (p. 129)
    6. Why does Jerra’s dad say, “when a bloke finds out how long he’s got left, he knows there’s more to it, son. Stupid thing is, there’s always been more.”? (p. 129)
    7. What do you think has caused the distance between Jerra and Rachel in this story?

Links and Resources for 'A Minimum of Two'


11h's Links and Resources for Masculinity in Australia


Male Roles and Masculinities in the Perspective of a Culture of Peace: http://www.unesco.org/cpp/uk/declarations/oslorapp.htm
Male lies vs Female lies: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1213171/Men-lie-times-day-twice-women-study-finds.html





Other Links and Resources for Masculinity

http://www.newint.org/features/1987/09/05/evolving/
http://www.guardian.co.uk/global/2010/nov/11/4d-man-modern-masculinity
http://www.eowa.gov.au/Information_Centres/Resource_Centre/EOWA_Publications/Pay%20Equity%20Resources/women_in_management_09.pdf
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2011-03-08/mind-the-gap-women-still-chasing-pay-equality/2666164